Hitomi HONGO Associate Professor

ResearchMap: http://researchmap.jp/6613530/

Environmental Archaeology (Zooarchaeology), Palaeoanthropology

My research aim is to explore the changes in man-animal relationship and the changes in environment (both natural and man-made). I analyze animal bones excavated from archaeological sites in order to investigate the degree of human impact on other organisms and the surrounding environment. Also within the focus of our research is how the changes in natural environment have affected on human subsistence and society.

Domestication, one of the most significant changes in human history, eventually made the birth of civilization possible, although it turned out to be also a cause of later global environmental degradation. Our current research focus on the process of animal and plant domestication and transition to a food producing economy. In particular, through the field works in Southwest Asia (Turkey, Syria, Jordan, and Iran), I investigate the domestication processes of artiodactyls and the economic and social changes. In order to comprehensively understand the relationship of human and environments in the past, present, and future, we collaborate with specialists of various fields, namely molecular biology, environmental science, cultural and physical anthropology. An interdisciplinary study on the domestication process of wild boar has been conducted using the morphological and genetic data obtained from both modern and archaeological specimens from the Eurasian Continent as well as islands of Southeast Asia.

Shearing sheep in a village in northeastern Turkey

Papers and publications

  1. Pearson, J.A., Grove, M, Özbek, M. & Hongo, H (2013) Food and social complexity at Çayönü Tepesi, southeastern Anatolia: Stable isotope evidence of differentiation in diet according to burial practice and sex in the early Neolithic. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 32:180-189.
  2. Hongo, H., Omar, L., Nasu, H. & Fujii, S. (2013) Faunal remains from Wadi Abu Tulayha: A PPNB outpost in the steppe-desert of Southern Jordan. De Cupere B., Linseele V., Hamilton-Dyer S. (eds.), Archaeozoology of the Near East X: Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas , pp. 1-25. Leuven, Peeters Publishers.
  3. Hongo, H. & Auetrakulvit, P. (2011) Ethnozooarchaeology of the Mani (Orang Asli) of Trang Province, Southern Thailand: A preliminary result of faunal analysis at Sakai Cave. In Albarella, U. and A. Trentacoste (eds.) Ethnozooarchaeology: The Present and Past of Human-Animal Relationships, pp. 82-89. Oxbow Books.
  4. Hongo, H., Pearson, J., Öksüz, B., Ilgezdi, G. (2009) The Process of Ungulate Domestication at Çayönü, Southeastern Turkey: A Multidisciplinary Approach focusing on Bos sp. and Cervus elaphus. Anthropozoologica 44(1): 63-78.
  5. Hongo, H. et al. (2007) Hunting or management?: Status of pigs in the Jomon Period, Japan. In Dobney, K., Rowley-Conwy, P., Albarella, U. (eds.) Pigs and Humans: 10,000 Years of Interaction, pp.109-130. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  6. Ervynck, A., Dobney, K., Hongo, H. & Meadow, R.H.(2001) Born Free? New Evidence for the Status of Sus scrofa at Neolithic Çayönü Tepesi (Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey). Paléorient 27(2): 47-73.